cropped-Children-House1-1.jpg

  • Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Italy on August 31, 1870.
  • She graduated in Medicine in 1884 at the University of Rome, becoming the first female doctor in Italy
  • In hr medical practice, her clinical observations led her to analyze how children learn, and build their learning from what exists in the environment.
  • On March 31, 1896 her son Mario was born.
  • In 1902 she began her studies of pedagogy, experimental psychology and anthropology.
  • Constant research; she gives several lectures on educational methods for children affected by mental deficiencies.
  • She created in Rome the Ortophrenic School, which she directed until 1900.
  • Her first “Casa de Bambini” was inaugurated in 1907 and became the origin of the Montessori method of education.
  • In 1909 dictated the first course of training. In 1911 she left the doctor’s office and dedicated completely to educational work.
  • In 1913 inaugurated the Montessori Educational Association in Washington, DC, United States and gave lectures about her work with children
  • In 1915, also in U.S.A., caught the world’s attention with her classroom work, called “glass classroom” and conducted training courses for teachers.
  • In 1917 the Spanish government invited her to inaugurate a research institute.
  • In 1919, she begins to dictate a series of training courses to teachers in London.
  • During the regime of Mussolini, Montessori, publicly accused the fascist doctrine of “training the youth according to their brutal molds”; for this reason she abandoned her homeland in 1933, later settling in Barcelona.
  • In 1947 she founded the “Montessori Center” in London
  • She was nominated for the Nobel Prize three times: 1949, 1950, and 1951.
  • In 1951 she retired from her life as a lecturer.
  • After 14 years of exile, she returned to Italy to reorganize schools and enter as a teacher at the University of Rome.
  • Maria Montessori died of a brain hemorrhage on May 6, 1952, in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, about to turn 82 years old.