Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Italy on August 31, 1870.
She graduated in Medicine in 1884 at the University of Rome, becoming the first female doctor in Italy
In hr medical practice, her clinical observations led her to analyze how children learn, and build their learning from what exists in the environment.
On March 31, 1896 her son Mario was born.
In 1902 she began her studies of pedagogy, experimental psychology and anthropology.
Constant research; she gives several lectures on educational methods for children affected by mental deficiencies.
She created in Rome the Ortophrenic School, which she directed until 1900.
Her first “Casa de Bambini” was inaugurated in 1907 and became the origin of the Montessori method of education.
In 1909 dictated the first course of training. In 1911 she left the doctor’s office and dedicated completely to educational work.
In 1913 inaugurated the Montessori Educational Association in Washington, DC, United States and gave lectures about her work with children
In 1915, also in U.S.A., caught the world’s attention with her classroom work, called “glass classroom” and conducted training courses for teachers.
In 1917 the Spanish government invited her to inaugurate a research institute.
In 1919, she begins to dictate a series of training courses to teachers in London.
During the regime of Mussolini, Montessori, publicly accused the fascist doctrine of “training the youth according to their brutal molds”; for this reason she abandoned her homeland in 1933, later settling in Barcelona.
In 1947 she founded the “Montessori Center” in London
She was nominated for the Nobel Prize three times: 1949, 1950, and 1951.
In 1951 she retired from her life as a lecturer.
After 14 years of exile, she returned to Italy to reorganize schools and enter as a teacher at the University of Rome.
Maria Montessori died of a brain hemorrhage on May 6, 1952, in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, about to turn 82 years old.